The Philadelphia correspondent for the Economist’s Democracy in America blog discusses comparisons of the Tea Parties to recent protests in France over retirement reform:
[W]hat’s most remarkable about the French protests is not only that they are partially motivated by hostility to the rich but also that there is a pretty straightforward line of causality from provocation to action: the government proposes to raise the retirement age and workers take to the streets to oppose it because they want the retirement age to remain where it is. First A, then B…. The character of the American tea-party movement is very different, and more complicated….
This means, I think, that the size of government and the details of public budgeting are secondary concerns for the tea-party movement. What it primarily cares about is cultural identity. Taxes and government spending come in because the tea-partiers feel like “their” America is under cultural assault….
So yes, the French and American protesters both want to be heard. But they are saying very different things. Where the French are pushing back against a public policy with which they disagree, the Americans are out to defend one comprehensive cultural vision of the nation against another, largely incompatible vision….
I largely agree with this analysis of the Tea Parties, but I think that, because of some misconceptions about the current protests in France, the Economist blogger might be overstating the differences between the French and American protest movements.
A lot of this is based on anecdotal evidence from my own firsthand observations of the protests and from conversations with French people about the protests, so this isn’t exactly scientific. But what the heck, this is the internet, so I won’t let that stop me from weighing in.
One thing that was mysterious to me initially about the recent French protests is why people were so incredibly angry and mobilized. I’d have an easier time understanding a mass movement in response to a war or an obviously unjust policy like racial segregation or something like that. But retirement reform? People really see having to work for two more years as an such a grave transgression of justice that they feel compelled to respond like this?
Part of the reason for this is that the French are just different: striking and protesting are huge parts of their political culture. But part of the reason is also that it’s not really as much about retirement reform as it might seem.
Many people with whom I’ve spoken about the protests have argue that the protests are much more about general opposition to Nicholas Sarkozy and that the retirement reform is really just an occasion to express this feeling of malcontent. Sarkozy embarrasses the French in the way that George W. Bush embarrassed many Americans.
At the French protests that I’ve witnessed, there are a fair amount of slogans and signs that are in some way related to retirement reform. But the majority of what I see and here seems to be general denunciations of Sarkozy. The sign/sticker that I’ve seen the most around town is one that has the insult that Sarkozy’s infamously delivered a couple of years ago to a man who refused to shake is hand: “casse toi, pauvre con”. I’ve also seen tons of references to an episode where Sarkozy was getting heckled by some young hooligans during a speech and tried to put on a macho display by challenging them to come up to the podium and fight him.
All of this is to say that the French view Sarkozy as a disgrace to the presidency. He doesn’t carry himself in the dignified way that a President should. Some protesters are surely well-informed and principled opponents of the reform, but like the Tea Parties, I think that most of the French retirement reform strikers/protesters aren’t driven by a direct causation between reform that they disagree with and taking to the streets, but rather by the vague perception of certain threats to France as they know it: that the government is becoming too pro-American, that the man who represents France to the rest of the world behaves in ways that don’t befit a French president, and that old style French socialism is being left behind for a more modern, liberalization friendly British Labour Party-style left wing party.
The French retirement reform movement isn’t necessarily any more coherent or detail oriented than the Tea Party movement, nor is there obviously a clearer link between concrete policy change and populist uprising.